2024 Journal of Leukocyte Biology

Recent technological advancements have enabled us to study the molecular features of cellular states at the single-cell level, providing unprecedented resolution for comprehending the identity and function of a cell. By applying these techniques across multiple time frames, tissues, and diseases, we can delve deeper into the mechanisms governing the development and functions of cell lineages. In this review, I focus on γδ T cells, which are a unique and functionally nonredundant T cell lineage categorized under the umbrella of unconventional T cells. I discuss how single-cell biology is providing unique insights into their development and functions. Furthermore, I explore how single-cell methods can be used to answer several key questions about their biology. These investigations will be essential to fully understand their translational potential, including their role in cytotoxicity and tissue repair in cancer and regeneration.